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Mycotoxin Legislation in EU
PutDate:2013-05-23     hits:2737     Font:【18 14 12

 Aflatoxins in Food:

Commodity Maximum Level
B1   Total  M1
Groundnuts to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs.  8 ppb  15 ppb  -
Nuts and dried fruit to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before human consumption or as an ingredient in foodstuffs.

 5 ppb

10 ppb 
Groundnuts, nuts, dried fruit and processed products thereof, intended for direct humanconsumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs. 2 ppb  4 ppb 
Oilseed intended for direct human consumption. 2 ppb  4 ppb 
Oilseed for processing. 8 ppb  15 ppb 

Maize to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs.

5 ppb  10 ppb   -
Cereals (including buckwheat, Fagopyrim spp.) and processed products there of intended for direct human consumption or as an ingredient in foodstuffs. 2 pbb  4 ppb 
Cereals (including buckwheat, Fagopyrim spp.), with the exception of maize, to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before  human consumption. 2 ppb  4 ppb 
Rice, including brown rice (intended for milling). 5 pbb  10 ppb 
Rice, including brown rice (intended for direct human consumption). 2 ppb 4 ppb 
Following species of spices: 5  ppb    10 ppb    
  • Capsicum spp. (dried fruits thereof, whole or ground, including chillies, chilli powder, cayane and paprika)
  • Piper spp. (fruits thereof, including white and black pepper)
  • Myristica fragrans (nutmeg)
  • Zingiber officinale (ginger)
  • Curcuma longa (tumeric)
Milk (raw milk, milk for the manufacturer of milk based products and heat treated milk). - 0.05 ppb
Baby foods and processed cereal, cereal based foods for infants and young children. 0.1 ppb
Infant formulae and follow-on formulae, including infant milk and follow-on milk. - 0.025 ppb
Dietary foods for special medical purposes intended specifically for infants. 0.1 ppb - 0.025 ppb

Deoxynivalenol in Food:

Commodity Maximum Level 
Unprocessed cereals (excluding durum wheat, oats and maize). 1250 ppb
Unprocessed durum wheat and oats. 1750 ppb 
Unprocessed maize. 1750 ppb 
Cereals intended for direct human consumption, cereal flour (including maize flour, maize meal and maize grits), bran as end product intended for direct human consumption. 750 ppb 
Bread, biscuits, pastries, cereal snacks and breakfast cereal. 500 ppb 
Dry pasta. 750 ppb 
Processed cereal based baby and infant food 200 ppb 

Fumonisins in Food:

Commodity

Maximum Level
(B1 & B2)

Unprocessed maize.  4000 ppb
Maize and maize based foods intended for direct human consumption.  1000 ppb
Maize based breakfast cereals and maize based snacks.  800 ppb
Processed maize based foods and baby foods for infants and young children.  200 ppb

* Levels currently under discussion.

Ochratoxin A in Food:

Commodity Maximum Level
Unprocessed cereals.  5 ppb
All products derived from unprocessed cereals (including cereal products and cereal grains intended for direct human consumption). 3 ppb 
Dried vine fruit (currants, raisins and sultanas). 10 ppb 
Roasted coffee beans and ground roasted coffee. 5 ppb 
Soluble coffee (instant coffee). 10 ppb 
Wine (including sparkling wine, excluding liqueur wine and wine with an alcoholic strength of not less than 15% volume) and fruit wine. 2 ppb 
Aromatised wine, aromatised wine based drinks and aromatised wine product cocktails. 2 ppb 
Grape juice, concentrated grape juice as reconstituted, grape nectar, grape must and concentrated must as reconstituted, intended for direct human consumption. 2 ppb 
Capsicum spp. (dried fruits thereof, whole or ground, including chillies, chilli powder, cayane and paprika). 30 ppb 
15ppb (from 01.01.2015)
Piper spp. (fruits thereof, including white and black pepper). 15 ppb    
Myristica fragrans (nutmeg).
Zingiber officinale (ginger)
Curcuma longa (tumeric).
Mixtures of spices containing one of the abovementioned spices. 15 ppb
Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra, Glycyrrhiza inflate and other species), liquorice root, ingredient for herbal infusion. 20 ppb 
Liquorice extract for use in food, particular beverages and confectionery. 80 ppb 
Baby foods and processed cereal based foods for infants and young children. 0.5 ppb 
Dietary foods for special medical purposes intended specifically for infants. 0.5 ppb
Wheat gluten not sold directly to the consumer. 8 ppb 

Patulin in Food:

Commodity Maximum Level
Fruit juices and in drinks containing apple juice or derived from apples. 50 ppb
Solid apple products, such as apple puree, intending for direct consumption. 25 ppb 
Apple juice and solid apple products for infants and young children. 10 ppb 

T-2 & HT-2 Toxin in Food: 

Commodity

Guidance Level

(T-2 & HT-2)

Unprocessed cereals 
- Barley (including malting barley) and maize  200 ppb
- Oats (with husk) 1000 ppb 
- Wheat, rye and other cereals 100 ppb 
Cereal grains for direct human consumption 
- Oats 200 ppb 
- Maize 100 ppb 
- Other cereals 50 ppb 
Cereal products for human consumption 
- Oat bran and flaked oats 200 ppb 
- Cereal bran except oat bran, oat milling products other than oat bran and flaked oats, and maize   milling products 100 ppb 
- Other cereal milling products 50 ppb 
- Breakfast cereals including formed cereal flakes  75 ppb
- Bread (including small bakery wares), pastries, biscuits, cereal snacks, pasta 25 ppb 
- Cereal-based foods for infants and young children  15 ppb
 
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